Educational tour at Chichen Itza in Cancun, Mexico
One of the new Seven Wonders of the World, Chichen Itza - meaning "At the mouth of the well of the Itza" - is Mexico's most visited archeological site, a mayan ruins with magnificent display of Mayan culture and the ceremonial center of the Yucatán. Historically, this 1st group of mayans were worshippers of the sun as their "god". That's why they were able to create a solar calendar by constructing a pyramid of 24 meters (79 feet) high with 91 step pyramid construction, hoping to be near to the sun. This calendar consists of 365 days in 1 year with 18 months in a year and 20 days in a month. As a matter of fact, the extra 5 days is shown what is on top of this pyramid construction. At sunrise and sunset on the Spring (March) and Fall (September) equinoxes - day & night of equal length, the corner of the pyramid casts a shadow of Kukulkan, a feathered serpent god, creating the illusion of a snake slithering down the North side with the sun's movement. These mayans were engineers, doctors, mathematicians, etc. who constructed a lot of impressive structures most especially the pyramid, made of volcanic stones traded from other places. Unfortunately, when the brothers of aztecs headed by kukulkan invaded their kingdom, the mayans made an agreement to just following the aztec cultures with rich and complex mythological and religious traditions which included the "human offerings", the best blood offering for their god, the sun. Please watch again the Apocalypto 2006, which is so trailing & breathtaking movie.